In The Name of god of jesus and muhammad and moses
Sermon imam Ali about faith
Nahjul Balagha book
Amir al-Mu'minin, peace be upon him, was asked about faith when he said
Faith stands on four supports : on endurance, on conviction, on justice and on jihad.
Endurance again has four aspects : eagerness, fear, abstention (from the world) and anticipation (of death). So, whoever is eager for Paradise will
ignore the passions; whoever fears the Fire (of Hell) will refrain from prohibited acts; whoever abstains from the world takes hardships lightly; and
whoever anticipates death will hasten towards good deeds.
Convicition also has four aspects : prudent perception, intelligence and understanding, drawing lessons from instructive things and following the
precedents of past people. So, whoever perceives with prudence, wise knowledge will be manifest to him, and to whomsoever wise knowledge becomes manifest he
appreciates instructive objects, and whoever appreciates instructive objects he is just like past people.
Justice also has four aspects : keen understanding, deep knowledge, a good power of decision and firm forbearance. Therefore, whoever understands comes
to acquire depth of knowledge; whoever acquires depth of knowledge drinks from the spring of judgement; and whoever exercies forbearance never commits evil
actions in his affairs and leads a praiseworthy life among the people.
jihad also has four aspects : to ask others to do good, to keep away others from
doing evil, to fight (in the way of Allah) sincerely and firmly on all occasions, and to detest the vicious. So, whoever asks others to do good
provides strength to the believers; whoever desists others from evil humiliates the unbelievers; whoever fights sincerely on all occasions discharges all his
obligations; and whoever detests the vicious and becomes angry for the sake of Allah, then Allah will be angry in favour of him and will keep him and will
keep him pleased on the Day of Judgement.
Unbelief stands on four supports : hankering after whims, mutual quarrelling, deviation from the truth, and dissension. So, whoever hankers after whims does
not incline towards right; whoever quarrels much on account of ignorance remains permanently blinded from the right; whoever deviates from truth, for
him good becomes evil and evil becomes good and her remains intoxicated with misguidance; and whoever makes an breach (with Allah and His Messenger), his
path becomes difficult, his affairs become complicated and his way of escape
Doubt has also four aspects : unreasonableness, fear, wavering and undue submission to every thing. So, he who adopts unreason ableness as his way, for
him there is no dawn after the night; he who is afraid of what befalls him has to run on his heels; he who wavers in doubt Satans trample him under their
feet : and he who submits to the destruction of this and the next world succumbs to it.
as-Sayyid ar-Radi says : We have left out the remaining portion of this saying for fear of length and for being outside the purpose of this chapter.