He splits the sky at dawn, and appoints the night as a time of stillness and the Sun and Moon as a means of reckoning. (Qur"an, 6:96)
The Arabic word sakanan, which appears in the original of the above verse, means "repose, rest, time to withdraw to rest, time for a break." As indicated by Allah, night is the time when human beings rest. The hormone melatonin, secreted at night, prepares the body for sleep by slowing down peoples" physical movements, making them sleepy and tired, and functioning as a natural tranquilliser that eases their
In the Quran, which was revealed fourteen centuries ago at a time when the science of astronomy was still primitive, the expansion of the universe was described in the following terms:
And it is We Who have constructed the heaven with might, and verily, it is We Who are steadily expanding it. (Quran, 51:47)
The word "heaven," as stated in the verse above, is used in various places in the Quran. It is referring to space and the wider universe. Here again, the word is used with this meaning, stating that the universe "expands." The Arabic word "moosiaaoona" in the term "inna lamoosiaaoona," translated into English as "it is We Who are steadily expanding it", comes from the verb "evsea," meaning "to expand." The prefix "la" emphasises the following name or title and adds a sense of "to a great extent." This expression therefore means "We expand the sky or the universe to a great extent." This is the very conclusion that science has reached today. 1
Until the dawn of the 20th century, the only view prevailing in the world of science was that "the universe has a constant nature and it has existed since infinite time." However, modern research, observations, and calculations carried out by means of modern technology have revealed that the universe in fact had a beginning and that it constantly "expands."
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Russian physicist Alexander Friedmann and the Belgian cosmologist Georges Lemaitre theoretically calculated that the universe is in constant motion and that it is expanding.
From the moment of the Big Bang, the universe has been constantly expanding at a great speed. Scientists compare the expanding universe to the surface of a balloon that is inflated.
This notion was confirmed by the use of observational data in 1929. While observing the sky with a telescope, Edwin Hubble, the American astronomer, discovered that the stars and galaxies were constantly moving away from each other. This discovery is regarded as one of the greatest in the history of astronomy. During these observations, Hubble established that the stars emit a light that turns redder according to their distance. That is because according to the known laws of physics, light heading towards a point of observation turns violet, and light moving away from that point assumes a more reddish hue.
During his observations, Hubble noted a tendency towards the color red in the light emitted by stars. In short, the stars were moving further and further away, all the time.
The stars and galaxies were not only moving away from us, but also from each other. A universe where everything constantly moves away from everything else implied a constantly expanding universe. The observations carried out in the following years verified that the universe is constantly expanding.
In order to gain a clearer understanding of this, let us imagine the universe to be the surface of a balloon being inflated. In the same way that the more the balloon is inflated, the further away the points on its surface move from one another, celestial bodies also move away from one another as the universe expands. This was theoretically discovered by Albert Einstein, regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the 20th century. However, in order to avoid violating the "static universe model" that was generally accepted at that time, Einstein laid that discovery aside. He would later describe this as the greatest blunder of his life. 2
This fact was explained in the Quran in a time when telescopes and similar technological advancements were not even close to being invented. This is because the Quran is the Word of Allah: the Creator and Ruler of the entire universe.
1. S. Waqar Ahmed Husaini, The Quran for Astronomy and Earth Exploration from Space 3rd ed. (New Delhi: Goodword Press: 1999), 103-108.
Fingertips, one of Allah’s signs in His creation
A man came to the prophet, with dead bones and asks him O Muhammad do you say that Allah (God) will bring me back to life after I become like this dead Bones. Then Allah (God) replies with this verse in the holy Qur'an:
بَلَى قَادِرِینَ عَلَى أَن نُّسَوِّیَ بَنَانَهُ
Yea! We are able to make complete his very fingertips. The Holy Qur’an (The Resurrection, Surah75, verse4)
This emphasis on finger print has a very special meaning, this is because every one’s finger print is unique to himself, every person who is alive or who has ever lived in this world, has a set of unique finger prints, that is why the finger prints are accepted as a very important identity exclusive to the owner, and it is used for this purpose around the World.
· Finger prints are formed in the embryo at the fourth month, and remain fixed and distinct all along man’s life.
· Finger prints are a record of curvatures that arise due to the fusion between the epidermis with the dermis.
· These curvatures differ from one person to another, and they never match or correspond among all humans.
· Finger prints have become the best method to identify persons. In 858, the English Scientist, William Herschel, pointed out that finger prints differ with the difference of their holders, thus rendering them as distinctive feature evidence for each person.
لَا أُقْسِمُ بِیَوْمِ الْقِیَامَةِ -
وَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالنَّفْسِ اللَّوَّامَةِ -
أَیَحْسَبُ الْإِنسَانُ أَلَّن نَجْمَعَ عِظَامَهُ -
بَلَى قَادِرِینَ عَلَى أَن نُّسَوِّیَ بَنَانَهُ -
- Allah says in the Holy Qur’an: “Nay! I swear by the day of resurrection. Nay! I swear by the self-accusing soul. Does man think that We shall not gather his bones? Yea! We are able to make complete his very fingertips” The Holy Qur’an (The Resurrection, Surah75, verses 1-4).
Physicians conducted wide anatomical studies on a large number of people of different nationalities and ages, and they were confronted with the scientific fact to which they bowed their heads, and in submission they testified that no one is ever able to make similar all finger prints scattering all over the universe not even among two persons.
Here it is noticed that the verse speaks also of the recreation of all finger tips, and not only one. The word fingertips refer to all hand fingers. So shaping them again after being scattered all over the universe on Resurrection Day is a sign of Allah’s almighty power. This is but one side of Allah’s ability to resurrect people on Doomsday with their identifiable parts after annihilation.
Therefore, it is not surprising that fingertips are one of Allah’s signs that contain the secret of His creation, and certify to the entity of the person without any confusion, thus becoming the most genuine testimony in this world and the Hereafter. The finger print is also a demonstration of Allah’s greatness of shaping such lines on a very small space no more than few square centimeters.
Is it not a wonderful scientific miracle in which the power of Allah the Almighty is evident? Praise be to Allah the Almighty Who says; “We will soon show them Our signs in the Universe and in their own souls, until it will become quite clear to them that it is the truth. Is it not sufficient as regards your Lord that He is a witness over all things? The Holy Qur’an (In Detail, Surah41, verse 53)
سَنُرِیهِمْ آیَاتِنَا فِی الْآفَاقِ وَفِی أَنفُسِهِمْ حَتَّى یَتَبَیَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ أَوَلَمْ یَکْفِ بِرَبِّکَ أَنَّهُ عَلَى کُلِّ شَیْءٍ شَهِیدٌ
Dr. Sharif Kaf Al Ghazal
In numerous traditions, it is stated that the term BaqiyatAllah in verse 86 of Surah Hud is a reference to the person of Imam Mahdi (A.S) or some of the other Imams (A.S). For example, the book IkmÁl al-Din narrates the following from Imam Baqir (A.S): The first words which the Mahdi (A.S) will speak after his rise will be this verse: “‘What remains of Allah’s provision is better for you, should you be faithful…”He will then say: I am the BaqiyatAllah and his proof and his caliph amongst you. After that, no one will greet him except that he will say: Peace be upon you oh BaqiyatAllah Fe Arzeh. ( (اَلسَّلامُ عَلَیْکَ یا بَقِیَّةَ اللّهِ فِی أَرْضِه )
In regards to the verses of the Qur’an, it is true that while a verse may have been revealed in regards to a specific situation, it can also pertain in a general sense to other issues as well. This can extend and apply even in to other centuries in regards to various issues which are general in nature. It is correct that the aforementioned verse is specifically referring to the people of Shuaayb and the term BaqiyatAllah is referring to lawful divine benefit; yet at the same time, anything or anyone that is beneficial from God can also be considered as BaqiyatAllah. All of the prophets and divine leaders are a form of BaqiyatAllah. All of the truthful leaders who fight against the enemies of humanity can be considered as a form of BaqiyatAllah, this similarly applies to the soldiers and fighters who strive in such a path.
Since Imam Mahdi (A.S) is the last leader and his battle will be the final revolution in the history of mankind, it makes sense that the term BaqiyatAllah applies to him and he is indeed worthy of such a title. In addition, he is what remains of the Prophet (PBUH) and the rest of the Imams (A.S).
1 - Hypocrites are characterized by three features: telling lies, reneging on promises, breaching of trust.
2 - The most hateful thing to Allah among those lawful ones is divorce.
3 - Oh, Adam’s descendant! If you have a healthy body and a peaceful mind, and can afford your livelihood for one day , don’t worry about anything else!
4 - Oh, Adam’s descendant! You have within your reach whatever meets your needs, whereas you are seeking things that develop disobedience in you, you do not choose contentment, and nothing, however abundant, can satisfy you.
5 - Avoid the curse of the opressed, since they seek adjudication from Allah and He will never let them down & deny them their rights.
6 - Refrain from using unlawfully obtained construction materials in your building, for they will ruin it.
7 - Fear the believer’s insight, for in seeing things, he is assisted by the light of Allah.
8 - He who grants a respite to his debtor or cancels his debt will be in heaven on the Day of Judgement.
9 - Fear the curse of the oppressed for it spreads up as the flames of fire.
10 - God punishes man for two sins in this world: injustice and ungratefulness towards parents.
11 - Whoever from among you is more valiant to take solemn oath is nearer to the Hell.
12 - Be moderately wordly minded; since everybody shall receive whatever is apportioned to him by fate.
13 - To God, the best act is timely prayer, then right conduct towards parents, then struggle in the way of God.
14 - To God, the most popular servants are unknown pious ones.
15 - To God. The best act is the one which is more lasting, however scanty that might be.
From the first, Islam has said that it is the last message, and Muslims have accepted this fact with wisdom and with love, and have realized that Islam is the last manifestation of revelation prophethood and the culmination of the former pure religions Also, all Muslims, on the basis of ayahs in the Qur"an and hadith believe that the prophet of Islam (S.A.) is the last messenger of Allah who was the recipient of human leadership. The great Qur"an has explained the universality of the pure religion of Islam in many ayahs and has shown that
From the 100, a ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History : By Michael H. Hart.
My choice of Muhammad (S.A.W.) to lead the list of the world"s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels.
Founder of World"s Great Religions:
Of humble origins, Muhammad (S.A.W.) founded and promulgated one of the world"s great religions, and became an immensely effective political leader. Today, thirteen centuries after his death, his influence is still powerful and pervasive. The majority of the persons in this book had the advantage of being born and raised in centers of civilization, highly cultured or politically pivotal nations. Muhammad (S.A.W.), however, was born in the year 570, in the city of Mecca, in southern Arabia, at that time a backward area of the world, far from the centers of trade, art, and learning. Orphaned at age six, he was reared in modest surroundings. Islamic tradition tells us that he was illiterate. His economic position improved when, at age twenty-five, he married a wealthy widow.
Nevertheless, as he approached forty, there was little outward indication that he was a remarkable person. Most Arabs at that time were pagans, who believed in many gods. There were, however, in Mecca, a small number of Jews and Christians; it was from them no doubt that Muhammad (S.A.W.) first learned of a single, omnipotent God who ruled the entire universe.
When he was forty years old, Muhammad (S.A.W.) became convinced that this one true God (Allah) was speaking to him, and had chosen him to spread the true faith. For three years, Muhammad (S.A.W.) preached only to close friends and associates. Then, about 613, he began preaching in public. As he slowly gained converts, the Meccan authorities came to consider him a dangerous nuisance. In 622, fearing for his safety, Muhammad (S.A.W.) fled to Medina (a city some 200 miles north of Mecca), where he had been offered a position of considerable political power. This flight, called the Hegira, was the turning point of the Prophet"s life.
In Mecca, he had had few followers. In Medina, he had many more, and he soon acquired an influence that made him a virtual dictator. During the next few years, while Muhammad (S.A.W.) s following grew rapidly, a series of battles were fought between Medina and Mecca. This was ended in 630 with Muhammad (S.A.W.)"s triumphant return to Mecca as conqueror. The remaining two and one-half years of his life witnessed the rapid conversion of the Arab tribes to the new religion.
Most Astonishing Series of Conquests in Human History
When Muhammad (S.A.W.) passed away, in 632, he was the effective ruler of all of southern Arabia. The Bedouin tribesmen of Arabia had a reputation as fierce warriors. But their number was small; and plagued by disunity and internecine warfare, they had been no match for the larger armies of the kingdoms in the settled agricultural areas to the north. However, unified by Muhammad (S.A.W.) for the first time in history, and inspired by their fervent belief in the one true God, these small Arab armies now embarked upon one of the most astonishing series of conquests in human history. To the northeast of Arabia lay the large Neo-Persian Empire of the Sassanids; to the northwest lay the Byzantine, or Eastern Roman Empire, centered in Constantinople.
Numerically, the Arabs were no match for their opponents. On the field of battle, though, the inspired Arabs rapidly conquered all of Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine. By 642, Egypt had been wrested from the Byzantine Empire, while the Persian armies had been crushed at the key battles of Qadisiya in 637, and Nehavend in 642.
But even these enormous conquests-which were made under the leadership of Muhammad (S.A.W.)"s close friends and immediate successors, Abu Bakr and "Umar ibn al-Khattab -did not mark the end of the Arab advance. By 711, the Arab armies had swept completely across North Africa to the Atlantic Ocean There they turned north and, crossing the Strait of Gibraltar, overwhelmed the Visigothic kingdom in Spain. For a while, it must have seemed that the Moslems would overwhelm all of Christian Europe. However, in 732, at the famous Battle of Tours, a Moslem army, which had advanced into the center of France, was at last defeated by the Franks.
Nevertheless, in a scant century of fighting, these Bedouin tribesmen, inspired by the word of the Prophet, had carved out an empire stretching from the borders of India to the Atlantic Ocean-the largest empire that the world had yet seen. And everywhere that the armies conquered, large-scale conversion to the new faith eventually followed. Now, not all of these conquests proved permanent. The Persians, though they have remained faithful to the religion of the Prophet, have since regained their independence from the Arabs. And in Spain, more than seven centuries of warfare finally resulted in the Christians re conquering the entire peninsula. However, Mesopotamia and Egypt, the two cradles of ancient civilization, have remained Arab, as has the entire coast of North Africa.
Islam Still Continuing to Grow
The new religion, of course, continued to spread, in the intervening centuries, far beyond the borders of the original Moslem conquests. Currently it has tens of millions of adherents in Africa and Central Asia and even more in Pakistan and northern India, and in Indonesia. In Indonesia, the new faith has been a unifying factor. In the Indian subcontinent, however, the conflict between Moslems and Hindus is still a major obstacle to unity.
How, then, is one to assess the overall impact of Muhammad (S.A.W.) on human history? Like all religions, Islam exerts an enormous influence upon the lives of its followers. It is for this reason that the founders of the world"s great religions all figure prominently in this book. Since there are roughly twice as many Christians as Moslems in the world, it may initially seem strange that Muhammad (S.A.W.) has been ranked higher than Jesus. There are two principal reasons for that decision. First, Muhammad (S.A.W.) played a far more important role in the development of Islam than Jesus did in the development of Christianity.
Mohammad(S.A.W) Played important role in the development of Islam than Jesus in the development of Christianity
Although Jesus was responsible for the main ethical and moral precepts of Christianity (insofar as these differed from Judaism), St. Paul was the main developer of Christian theology, its principal proselytizer, and the author of a large portion of the New Testament. Muhammad (S.A.W.), however, was responsible for both the theology of Islam and its main ethical and moral principles. In addition, he played the key role in proselytizing the new faith, and in establishing the religious practices of Islam. Moreover, he is the author of the Moslem Holy Scriptures, the Qoran, a collection of certain of Muhammad (S.A.W.)"s insights that he believed had been directly revealed to him by Allah. Most of these utterances were copied more or less faithfully during Muhammad (S.A.W.)"s lifetime and were collected together in authoritative form not long after his death. The Qoran therefore, closely represents Muhammad (S.A.W.)"s ideas and teachings and to a considerable extent his exact words. No such detailed compilation of the teachings of Christ has survived.
Since the Quran is at least as important to Moslems as the Bible is to Christians, the influence of Muhammad (S.A.W.) through the medium of the Quran has been enormous It is probable that the relative influence of Muhammad (S.A.W.) on Islam has been larger than the combined influence of Jesus Christ and St. Paul on Christianity.
On the purely religious level, then, it seems likely that Muhammad (S.A.W.) has been as influential in human history as Jesus. In fact, as the driving force behind the Arab conquests, he may well rank as the most influential political leader of all time. Of many important historical events, one might say that they were inevitable and would have occurred even without the particular political leader who guided them. For example, the South American colonies would probably have won their independence from Spain even if Simon Bolivar had never lived. But this cannot be said of the Arab conquests. Nothing similar had occurred before Muhammad (S.A.W.), and there is no reason to believe that the conquests would have been achieved without him. The only comparable conquests in human history are those of the Mongols in the thirteenth century, which were primarily due to the influence of Genghis Khan.
These conquests, however, though more extensive than those of the Arabs, did not prove permanent, and today the only areas occupied by the Mongols are those that they held prior to the time of Genghis Khan. It is far different with the conquests of the Arabs. From Iraq to Morocco, there extends a whole chain of Arab nations united not merely by their faith in Islam, but also by their Arabic language, history, and culture. The centrality of the Quran in the Moslem religion and the fact that it is written in Arabic have probably prevented the Arab language from breaking up into mutually unintelligible dialects, which might otherwise have occurred in the intervening thirteen centuries. Differences and divisions between these Arab states exist, of course, and they are considerable, but the partial disunity should not blind us to the important elements of unity that have continued to exist.
For instance, neither Iran nor Indonesia, both oil-producing states and both Islamic in religion, joined in the oil embargo of the winter of 1973-74. It is no coincidence that all of the Arab states, and only the Arab states, participated in the embargo. We see, then, that the Arab conquests of the seventh century have continued to play an important role in human history, down to the present day. It is this religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad (S.A.W.) to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.
1) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The title of the believer's book is love for Ali (A.S)." Al-Manaqib of Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 243; Tarikh Baghdad of Al-Khatib Al-Baghdadi, 4/410; Al-Jami of Al-Sayuti, 2/145; Yanabi Al-Mawda.
2) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "There is no sword but Dhul-Fiqar, and there is no man but Ali (A.S)." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 2/385; Sunan Al-Bayhaqi, 3/376; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 197; Al-Tabari, 2/514; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/190.
3) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The carrier of my flag in this life and the Hereafter is Ali (A.S)." Kenz Al-Omal, 6/122; Al-Tabari, 2/201; Al-Khawarizmi, 250; Al-Fadha'il of Ahmad, 253; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 42/200.
4) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "My Lord commanded me to close all the doors except the door of Ali (A.S)." Al-Khasa'is of Al-Nisa'i, 13; Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/125; Al-Tirmidhi, 13/173; Al-Bayhaqi, 7/65; Yanabi Al-Mawda, 282; Musnad Ahmad, 4/369; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 245; Yanabi Al-Mawda, 126.
5) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The truest believers are three: the believer during the time of Al Ya-Sin, the believer during the time of Pharaoh, and the best of all, Ali (A.S)." Al-Manaqib of Ahmad, 194, 239; Kenz Al-Omal, 5/31; Al-Jami^ of Al-Suyuti, 2/83; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 245; Yanabi Al-Mawda, 126.
6) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The one who wants to live my life and die my death will attach himself to Ali (a)." Musnad of Ahmad, 5/94; Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/128; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/217; Al-Tabarani.
7) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The caller will call out on the Day of Judgment, 'O Muhammad, blessed be your father, and Ibrahim, and blessed be your brother, Ali (A.S)." Al-Fadha'il of Ahmad, 253; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 67; Al-Khawarizmi, 83; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/201.
8) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Every prophet has an executor and inheritor, and my executor and inheritor is Ali (A.S)." Kenz Al-Omal, 6/158; Tarikh Baghdad of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi, 11/173; Shawahid Al-Tanzil, 2/223; Yanabi Al-Mawda, 94.
9) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Dear God, don't take my life until you have shown me the face of Ali (A.S)." Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/201; Al-Fadha'il of Ahmad, 253; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 67; Akhtab Khawarizm, 83.
10) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "We were created from the same tree, I and Ali (A.S)." Al-Tirmidhi, 13/178; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 122; Asad Al-Ghaba, 4/26; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/216.
11) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The most knowledgeable person in my nation after me is Ali (A.S)." Manaqib Al-Imam Ali Ibn Abi TAlib (a) of Ibn Al-Maghazeli Al-Shafi'i.
12) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Embellish your gatherings by mentioning Ali (A.S)." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/109; Musnad Ahmad, 4/368, 5/419; Al-Khasa'is of Al-Nisa'I, 9; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 16; Al-Manaqib of Akhtab Khawarizm, 94; Tarikh Baghdad of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi, 8/290; Yanabi Al-Mawda.
13) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The most judicious person in my nation is Ali (A.S)." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 70; Arjah Al-MatAlib, 544.
14) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "I am the warner, and the guide after me is Ali (A.S)." Musnad Ahmad, 1/151; Al-Tirmidhi, 2/135; Al-Khasa'is of Al-Nisa'I, 20; Kenz Al-Omal, 1/247; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 222.
15) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Exemption from the Hellfire comes with love for Ali (A.S)." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 2/241; Tarikh Baghdad of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi, 6/851; Akhtab Khawarizm, 86; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 90.
16) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Of whomever I was master, Ali (A.S) is his master." Mustadrak Al-Sahihain of Al-Hakim Al-Nisabori, 3/129; Kenz Al-Omal, 6/157; Al-Dilmi.
17) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "There would not be one sufficient for Fatima if God had not created Ali (a)." HAliyat Al-Awliya', 1/34; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/177; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 242; Al-Khawarizmi, 42; Yanabi Al-Mawda, 112.
18) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "For the one who believes and trusts in me, I recommend the wilayat of Ali (A.S)." Al-Jami of Al-Suyuti, 1/230; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/168; Tarikh Baghdad of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdadi, 1/316; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 49; Yanabi Al-Mawda, 266.
19) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The first of you to reach the Pond is the first of you who accepted Islam: Ali (A.S)." Kenz Al-Omal, 6/154; Al-Tabarani, 5/32; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 1/165; Dhaka'ir Al-Aqi, 65; Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 230.
20) The Prophet (PBUH) said, "No one is permitted on the Bridge except by the wilayat of Ali (A.S)." Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 15; Al-Isti^ab, 2/457.