Introducing the Criticism: We said that others criticize the belief of Shiites about Mahdi from the past that: If he is the son of Imam Hassan Askari and was born in the year 255 after Hijrah from his mother Narjis and is still alive then he is more than thousand years old now, while:
Neither our daily observations show us people with this old age!
Nor today’s science accepts that!
Nor it has historical example!
Study and Research:
We agree the criticizers in this matter that normal and ordinary ages which we usually see are not more than one-hundred years, and rarely reaches one-hundred and twenty years, and in out time, people who have reached one-hundred and fifty or sixty are considered as exceptions in the world.1
But it is not possible to suffice to these matters for a scientific discussion and research about the matter of the longevity and
PLACE OF MAHDI'S ALLEGIANCE
The author of Eqdud-Durar (chapter two) narrates from Abul Hassan Malaki who narrates from Huzaifa-ibn-Yaman that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) said:
'If a single day remains from the age of this world then Allah will raise a man from my progeny whose name will be the same as my name and his Impression will be the same as mine and his agnomen is Abu Abdullah. People would swear allegiance to him between Rukn and Maqaam.....
In section two, chapter four of the afore-said book, its author narrates from Abu Dawoud (from his book of 'Sunan'), Tirmidhi (from his book of 'Jama'e'), Ahmad (from his book of 'Musnad'), Ibn-Maaja (from his book of 'Sunan'), Baihaqi (from 'Be'sath-wa-Nushoor') and some others who narrate from Umm-Salma that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.) said: At the time of a Caliph's death discord will arise and a man from Medina will flee towards Mecca. Some of the inhabitants of Mecca will approach him and will send him out (while not being satisfied) and will swear allegiance to him between Rukn and Maqaam....
Author says: The appendix of the tradition refers to Mahdi.
In chapter five of the afore-said book, the author narrates from Abu Abdullah Na'eem-ibn-Hemad (from the book 'Fatan') who narrates from Abdullah-ibn-Masoud a lengthy tradition mentioning therein Sufyani's uprising and Mahdi's emergence from Medina towards Mecca and his allegiance until he reaches to the point where he says: 'Mahdi will sit between Rukn and Maqa
The Anti-Christ in the Bible
The theory of being Anti-Christ of the Popes was spread gradually by three ancient groups namely Albigenses, Waldenses and Fratcellis between 11th and 16th centuries. Yet, whether are these [Popes] the interpreters whom Christian churches must intake the real interpretations of the prophecies of?
In all Abrahamic Religions the subject matter of antichrist appearance in the Apocalypse has been mentioned. But the questions of “who this Antichrist is” “what features he has” “how he will re-appear and so on, are the issues which there are less agreed on by them. What will be following are translations from the paragraphs beneath the entry of Antichrist in the Catholic Encyclopedia. This review article gives us comprehensive information about the biblical views over Antichrist and the relatives. With appreciation from our respectful translator and Mr. Hossein Tofighi who accepted the responsibility of edition and correction of this translation we are here below presenting following article.
Prefix “ANTI” when is composed with other words may contain different meanings: Antibasileus means the king who is elapsing an incubation period; Antistrategos means the governor consul (province governor in ancient Rome). Anthypatos in ancient Rome was being used for General Governor
Imam Mahdi (a.s.) and the longevity – Part 1
The 12th Imam and longevity
This much longevity isn’t usual among of world’s people. These days longevity is a common subject ( a solved problem) because these latest years and decades we face people’s name who are 150-250 years old in magazines and newspapers.
In our point of view the 12th Imam longevity isn’t a problem; it’s just a surprising subject.
The 12th Imam was born in Shaban 15th (256 h.g) which is confirmed by all the Shia scientists and most Sunni scientists. This article checks this subject from Shia’s books by considering verses and traditions from Prophet Mohammad and also it’s considering this subject in aspect of science and wisdom.
According to traditions the advent of the 12th Imam will be in end of the world who develops justice in all over the world. He is the child of Imam Hasan Askari ( the 11th Imam ) and was born in Shaban 15th ( 256 H.G). This fact confirmed by all Shia and most Sunni scientists. The fact of this discussion is that God’s reserve has longevity till now. He has a longevity more than 1150 years.
Yes; in our point of view the 12th Imam longevity isn’t a problem; it’s just a surprising matter but Shia opponents see this surprising matter as a problem and exaggerate that till using his longevity as a reason for denying him. We’re responsible to define public opinions to avoid the opponents’ ideas.
The history of longevity
It’s a few more than 10 centuries went past after the first time of the 12th Imam longevity that call as a problem. From that day Imamates’ opponents always exacerbate the 12th Imam longevity.
Divide the Shia books
The Shia scientists’ writing and works particularly can divide into two groups:
The first groups are the works which wrote before 370 H.G.
The second groups are the works which wrote after the mention date.
In first groups there aren’t any impression of the 12th Imam life time was usual ( natural) till this time because there wasn’t any question in that time public opinion.
The Basar Aldarajat by Mohammad Ebn Hasan Safar Ghomi ( death 290 H.G ); Kafi by Sheikh Koleini Razy ( death 329 H.G); Shahro Al Akhbar Fi Fazael Aeme Athar by Ghazi Noman Ebn Mohammad Tamimi Maghrebi ( death 363 H.G) and Alghaybe book by Mohammad E bn Ebrahim Noamani ( known by Ebn Abi Zeinab ) who is (was) Sheikh Koleini’s best student. These are the writing of this period.
However the last scientist’s death isn’t determined but is understandable that because he didn’t mention anything about the 12th Imam Longevity problem so there wasn’t any question from this aspect in Islamic society’s public opinion; And probably because of this he didn’t mention anything. We can guess his death probably was before 375 H.G. because the longevity problem mentioned in the end of 4th century H.G and scientists object it in this period.
According to hadiths, after the return of Imam Mahdi (aj), Prophet Isa (pbuh) will descend onto the earth by the will of Allah (swt), and will pray behind the imam (aj) as one of his companions in everyone’s presence.
The prophet of Islam (pbuh) has been narrated saying: “By the one who sent me as the true giver of glad tidings, if even only one day remains for the life of this world, Allah (swt) will make that day so long so that my son, [Imam] Mahdi will emerge; Isa, “the spirit of God” will reveal and pray behind him, the world then will shine with the light of its Lord, and the government of [Imam] Mahdi will stretch from the East to the West.”
Since many are followers of Prophet Isa (pbuh) and believe him to be the savior and peacemaker of the world, when they witness such a scene, they will become followers of Imam Mahdi (aj) and believe in him. This matter can be considered one of the things that will factor into his victory and universal rise.
For further information, see:
1- The signs of after Imam Mahdi’s (aj) rise, Question 3006 (website: 3578).
 Muqaddas Shafe’i, Aqdul-Durar, pg. 292.
 Sheikh Saduq, Kamalul-Din, pg. 163, quoted by: Abdul-Rahman Ansari, Dar Entezare Khorshid.
 With help from Question 3006 (website: 3578).
The Beginning of the Belief in the Mahdi
A Glance at the Translator’s Introduction
The translation of this important book would have been impossible without the need on my part to respond to those who have attributed to me false notions and ideas which are neither part of my personal faith nor of my academic research. At no point have I entertained, even in error, opinions that cannot be ascertained in the written primary sources of the Twelver Shiism. Every piece of document used to write my academic research is meticulously investigated and critically evaluated in the light of the teachings of the Qur’an and the authentic traditions of the Ahl-ul-Bayt. It is remarkable that Ayatollah Amin’s Dadgustar-i jihan, which I have rendered in English under the title of: Al-Imam al-Mahdi: The Just Leader of Humanity, gives the believer a detailed description of the belief in the twelfth Imam, whose chronological development based on historical study of the sources I have examined in Islamic Messianism: The Idea of Mahdi in Twelver Shiism. More remarkable is the fact that even when Ayatollah Amini and I have approached the subject with strikingly different method of investigation, we have reached the same conclusion regarding the belief about the
IN THE NAME OF GOD OF jesus and muhammad and moses
Reappearance of Imam Mahdi
Imam Mahdi is a divine figure who is on occultation and will reappear at the end times to establish justice in the world. He will establish a just government and will prepare the grounds for man’s perfection in all dimensions. There are many traditions (hadith) handed down both by Sunni and Shia scholars regarding his occultation and reappearance. According to many traditions the Imam will reappear at a time when the world is full of oppression and suppression. He will reappear to save the world from oppression and establish justice.
Also there are some traditions on the way of his governance. Some of the features of his government are discussed below.
Salman Farsi quotes the Holy Prophet (PBUH) as saying: “O people! Didn’t I preach you for Mahdi?” they replied: “Yes!” He then said: Bear in mind that the Almighty God will rise a righteous and judge man in my Ummah who will establish justice and equity in the entire world at a time when it is overwhelmed with oppression. He is the ninth son of my grandson Hussein (A.S). His name and sobriquet is the same as mine (Nour Software).
Imam Mahdi (AJ) will undoubtedly have a comprehensive plan on his reappearance. His plan will include programs and strategies to eradicate oppression and establish justice and peace. During his rule the people will live in peace and brotherhood.
Imam Mahdi Will Follow Holy Prophet’s Method
Commenting on Imam Mahdi’s method of governance, Imam Sadiq (A.S) says: “He will act like the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and follows his method. He destroys every oppressive system as the Holy Prophet demolished the foundation of ignorance era and establishes Islam from the very beginning based on the teachings of the Holy Prophet. [2
Translated by: Sadroddin Musawi
In numerous traditions, it is stated that the term BaqiyatAllah in verse 86 of Surah Hud is a reference to the person of Imam Mahdi (A.S) or some of the other Imams (A.S). For example, the book IkmÁl al-Din narrates the following from Imam Baqir (A.S): The first words which the Mahdi (A.S) will speak after his rise will be this verse: “‘What remains of Allah’s provision is better for you, should you be faithful…”He will then say: I am the BaqiyatAllah and his proof and his caliph amongst you. After that, no one will greet him except that he will say: Peace be upon you oh BaqiyatAllah Fe Arzeh. ( (اَلسَّلامُ عَلَیْکَ یا بَقِیَّةَ اللّهِ فِی أَرْضِه )
In regards to the verses of the Qur’an, it is true that while a verse may have been revealed in regards to a specific situation, it can also pertain in a general sense to other issues as well. This can extend and apply even in to other centuries in regards to various issues which are general in nature. It is correct that the aforementioned verse is specifically referring to the people of Shuaayb and the term BaqiyatAllah is referring to lawful divine benefit; yet at the same time, anything or anyone that is beneficial from God can also be considered as BaqiyatAllah. All of the prophets and divine leaders are a form of BaqiyatAllah. All of the truthful leaders who fight against the enemies of humanity can be considered as a form of BaqiyatAllah, this similarly applies to the soldiers and fighters who strive in such a path.
Since Imam Mahdi (A.S) is the last leader and his battle will be the final revolution in the history of mankind, it makes sense that the term BaqiyatAllah applies to him and he is indeed worthy of such a title. In addition, he is what remains of the Prophet (PBUH) and the rest of the Imams (A.S).
After propounding the Qur'an and traditional arguments there remains no doubt amongst the Muslims, irrespective of his religion either Sunni, Shiite, Wahabi or non-Wahabi, regarding the belief in imam al-Mahdi (A.S) and it is proved beyond doubt that it is a genuine Islamic belief, but since the Wahabi sect is having a very narrow-minded belief about some of the concepts of Islam hence from its very inception, it has been a butt of rebuke from the Muslim scholars, therefore we analyze in this brief study Wahabis point of view about imam al-Mahdi (A.S). In fact the following proofs will clarify that like other Muslim scholars Wahabi Scholars also believe in the existence of al-Mahdi (Mahdaviyat) and they regard this belief as the climax of the Islamic creed.
1- The Wahabi sect is an offshoot of Ahlus-Sunnah and like other Muslims, believes in Qur'an and traditions, they also have faith in the traditions of Sehah-e-Sittah and other authentic books, Since the traditions pertaining to imam al-Mahdi (A.S) are quoted from the holy prophet (PBUH) and are found in abundance in the books of traditions, then they are bound to believe in imam al-Mahdi (A.S).
2- Ibn Taimiyyah (exp. 728 A.H.) was a Hanbali scholar in 7th- 8th century and known as the ideological leader of the Wahabis, in his book 'Minhaajus-Sunnah' (that is a strong attack on Shiites), he considers the traditions regarding Hazrat al-Mahdi (A.S) as authentic and says about him as follows: " Those traditions recorded by abuu Daawood,Tirmidhi, Ahmad Hanbal and other traditionalist that there was dispute over them in regard to the advent of imam al-Mahdi (A.S) are all correct, for example the tradition of the holy prophet (PBUH) that was related by Ibn Mas'ud as follows:
"Even if a single day remains from the eve of doomsday, Allah the Almighty will prolong that day to such an extent till He raises a man from my house hold i.e. Ahl-ul-bayt (A.S)."
3- Shamsuddin Mohammad bin abi-Bakr popularly known as ibn Qayme-aj-Jauzi (exp. 751 A.H.), a famous personality of the Hanbali sect, ardent follower and preacher of Ibn Taimiyah's idealogies has compiled an complete book on the topic of imam al-Mahdi (A.S), he has adorned his book with the title of 'Al-Mahdi'.
The same scholar wrote another book named 'Al- Munaar Al Munif Fis-Sahih Waz Zaeef that is actually an explanation of Ibn Jauzi's book 'Al-Mauzoo'aat', he quoted some traditions about imam al-Mahdi (A.S) and also the debate over their authenticity in chapter 15 of this book from page 326 to 344, he concluded that all traditions that are in regard of imam al-Mahdi (A.S) are genuine and completely part of the Islamic tradition, he also wrote in the same book while quoting from the book of 'Abdul Hussein Aberi ' that: "The traditions regarding imam al-Mahdi (A.S) are plenty (Mutawatir) and abundantly that prove he will be from the progeny of the Holy Prophet (PBUH)
4- Allamah Mohammad bin Ali Shaukani (exp. 1250 A.H.) was formerly a Zaidi who later after convertion to Wahabism became the Wahabis prolific preacher in Yemen, he was such a staunch believer in Mahdaviyat (believe in the existence of al-Mahdi A.S) to the extent that he wrote a complete book on this subject named 'Al-Tauzeeh Fi Tawatir Ma Ja'aa Fil-Mahdi wad-Dajjal wal Maseeh, The above mentioned book serves as a major source of reference for most of the scholars, there is need for attention to the following sentence from the mentioned book: "Those narrated traditions in regard to Hazrat al-Mahdi (A.S) are so numerous that can suffice that one that possesses little faith and justice."
5- Shaikh Abdul Mohsin bin Ahmad Abbad, a learned professor of the Wahabi university of Medina wrote a book named 'Aqidato Ahle-Sunnat wal-Asar Fil Mahdi Al-Muntazar' in which he has debated that the belief in Mahdaviyat is not confined only to Shiites rather it is a pure Islamic ideology, the traditions in regard to Mahdawiyah are continuous while believing in Hazrat imam al-Mahdi (A.S) is also fundamental. Hazrat al-Mahdi (A.S) is from the progeny of Fatima Zahra (S.A) and she is going to appear in the last era of the world Moreover he has enlisted the names of one-hundred and twenty-six companions who have quoted the traditions regarding imam al-Mahdi(A.S), thirty-eight among them are notable scholars and traditionalists that related the traditions that four of them are the compilers of the Sihah Sitah i.e. the six authentic traditional books of Ahlus-Sunnah, he also mentioned the names of the renowned Sunni scholars that wrote books on this subject.
Shaikh Abbad wrote another book to refute the book of of his Kuwaiti contemporary scholar named Sheikh Abdullahi bin Zaid that made some objections harshly to the said belief, the above mentioned book is named: " Ar-Raddo Ala Man Kazeba bil Ahadith As Sahiha fil Mahdi."
In this study, firstly the vitriol objections of the Kuwaiti writer are quoted word to word then after been acquainted with them he gave the replies that matched them i.e. the objections.
While keeping these facts in mind is there any one among the Muslims that can doubt the truthfulness of this belief? Is it possible that someone should claim to be a Muslim without believing in this fundamental creed
(May Allah help us in following the right path (amen).