Introducing the Criticism: We said that others criticize the belief of Shiites about Mahdi from the past that: If he is the son of Imam Hassan Askari and was born in the year 255 after Hijrah from his mother Narjis and is still alive then he is more than thousand years old now, while:
Neither our daily observations show us people with this old age!
Nor today’s science accepts that!
Nor it has historical example!
Study and Research:
We agree the criticizers in this matter that normal and ordinary ages which we usually see are not more than one-hundred years, and rarely reaches one-hundred and twenty years, and in out time, people who have reached one-hundred and fifty or sixty are considered as exceptions in the world.1
But it is not possible to suffice to these matters for a scientific discussion and research about the matter of the longevity and
PLACE OF MAHDI'S ALLEGIANCE
The author of Eqdud-Durar (chapter two) narrates from Abul Hassan Malaki who narrates from Huzaifa-ibn-Yaman that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) said:
'If a single day remains from the age of this world then Allah will raise a man from my progeny whose name will be the same as my name and his Impression will be the same as mine and his agnomen is Abu Abdullah. People would swear allegiance to him between Rukn and Maqaam.....
In section two, chapter four of the afore-said book, its author narrates from Abu Dawoud (from his book of 'Sunan'), Tirmidhi (from his book of 'Jama'e'), Ahmad (from his book of 'Musnad'), Ibn-Maaja (from his book of 'Sunan'), Baihaqi (from 'Be'sath-wa-Nushoor') and some others who narrate from Umm-Salma that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.) said: At the time of a Caliph's death discord will arise and a man from Medina will flee towards Mecca. Some of the inhabitants of Mecca will approach him and will send him out (while not being satisfied) and will swear allegiance to him between Rukn and Maqaam....
Author says: The appendix of the tradition refers to Mahdi.
In chapter five of the afore-said book, the author narrates from Abu Abdullah Na'eem-ibn-Hemad (from the book 'Fatan') who narrates from Abdullah-ibn-Masoud a lengthy tradition mentioning therein Sufyani's uprising and Mahdi's emergence from Medina towards Mecca and his allegiance until he reaches to the point where he says: 'Mahdi will sit between Rukn and Maqa
Innumerable narrations contain the signs and symbols of the reappearance of Hazrat Wali-e-Asr Imam Mahdi (a.s.) Janab Sheikh Sadooq and Allamah Majlisi (May Allah Shower His blessing on them) the highly acclaimed Shia scholars have described these narrations among the signs and symbols of the re-appearance of Imam (a.s.) Here we will discuss them wholly from literary point of view.
1. Importance of signs and symbols of re-appearance of Imam (a.s.):
Since long all the Muslims in general and the Shias in particular are looking forward for the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). It is undoubtedly an established fact like the Doomsday for which no fixed time or period is sounded. Only Allah knows, we know not. We have only to focus our attention on the indications assigned for it. To investigate, to find out and to distinguish between these signals and tokens for the reappearance of Imam (a.s.) is of immense importance. We can assume on the basis of these indications (not for certain) that the time and period is not far away. Due to this more emphasis is given on these signs from the beginning itself.
2. There are two types of indications and signs:
The signals given by Ahle Bait (a.s.) are not of one type. Some of the signs told by the descendants of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a) are unchangeable while some of them are inconstant. Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) has said that five signs before the re-appearance of Hazrat Qaim (a.s.) would appear:
(i) The appearance of Yemani,
(ii) Revolt of Sufyani,
(iii) Mysterious voice,
(iv) Murder of a pious man between Safah and Marwa,
(v) Sinking of Sufyani’s army between Mecca and Medina at a place known as Baiza.
(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 52, pg. 254)
According to another narration some other sure signs are related by Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) like the division of Bani Abbas in different groups; Sighting of mysterious hands from the sky (Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 52, pg. 206) while other signs are mutable. It can be concluded by keeping both the symbols together that some of
The Anti-Christ in the Bible
The theory of being Anti-Christ of the Popes was spread gradually by three ancient groups namely Albigenses, Waldenses and Fratcellis between 11th and 16th centuries. Yet, whether are these [Popes] the interpreters whom Christian churches must intake the real interpretations of the prophecies of?
In all Abrahamic Religions the subject matter of antichrist appearance in the Apocalypse has been mentioned. But the questions of “who this Antichrist is” “what features he has” “how he will re-appear and so on, are the issues which there are less agreed on by them. What will be following are translations from the paragraphs beneath the entry of Antichrist in the Catholic Encyclopedia. This review article gives us comprehensive information about the biblical views over Antichrist and the relatives. With appreciation from our respectful translator and Mr. Hossein Tofighi who accepted the responsibility of edition and correction of this translation we are here below presenting following article.
Prefix “ANTI” when is composed with other words may contain different meanings: Antibasileus means the king who is elapsing an incubation period; Antistrategos means the governor consul (province governor in ancient Rome). Anthypatos in ancient Rome was being used for General Governor
The verses concerning the Redeemer have barely been mutilated and embezzled by the adversaries, among the holy scriptures of Judaism.
Some people have considered this action as a result of intense trend to the Redeemer issue, as ‘Harambam’ (Moshe Ben Meymun) one of the grandee and majors of Judaism says:
“Any Jew, who doesn’t believe in Massiahorantidates his arrival, actually controverts the remarks of Moses and other prophets of the Israelites. (1)
Some others though consider that neutrality and lack of nonintervention of these verses in Jewish rabbis’ and governors’ daily life is the main reason to their immunity against mutilation.
Some people believe that the factor which has kept them united during their whole mutable history is their faith in the arrival of the Redeemer, while some others consider this –relative immunity of the verses about End of the Time- as a divine miracle.
Whatever the reason would be, the conclusion is that we witness lots of phrases which appertain to the End of the Time, signs, and the Redeemer himself and even in some scriptures such as the Book of Psalms; one third of the book includes issues about End of the Time and signs of the Redeemer.
A number of these verses imply the arrival of prophet Jesus (PBUH) and corresponds to him very much. But analyzing the form and content of some antiquity verses, we encounter cases which incredibly and completely match with the issues concerning the Shia Redeemer, Imam Mahdi the Great (May God accelerate his arrival) in such case that there would be no doubt for any just human.
Among the quintet sections of Torah, in the Book of Genesis we have:
“God inspired to Abraham and said: I grant this earth to thy seed (generation), all of this earth before thouwill be granted to thee and thy seed forever.”(2)
Verses such as this has caused some Jews to consider the whole earth as their patrimony and according to the Zionistic thoughts extracted from these verses, invasion to other lands is allowed.
And in another case,addressing Abraham (PBUH) we have:
“I’ll extremely fecundate thou and make a large generation of thee; Kings will be born of thy seed.
As we know, the true Twelver Imami sect is called “twelver” (ithna `ashariyya) since its followers believe that after the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his family), his successors were twelve people. And among all of his ‘ummah (community), they are the sole group who hold this belief; thus, the traditions about the twelve Imams which both Shi‘a and Sunnis have narrated – and whose origin from the Prophet (peace be upon him and his family) is undeniable – can only be applied to the Shi‘a sect among all Muslims. Naturally, the true sect will be limited to this group. In spite of all this, it is said that from some traditions – a few of which have been narrated in the book of Sulaim – it is possible to understand that the number of the Imams is thirteen, and this view has also been attributed to Ibn Sahl al-Nawbakhti. If, as it is said, a tradition with this content exists (or if Nawbakhti himself held this view, though this appears unlikely), how can it be explained and affirmed?
We have given sufficient explanation about the tradition or traditions that indicate that the number of Imams (peace be upon them) is thirteen in the treatise “Clarity of Vision for One Who Follows the Twelve Imams.” There, we have clarified that the a tradition with this meaning does not exist; moreover, even if such a tradition were to exist, it is a tradition with a single narrator and with regard to principles of religion, beliefs, and issues in which attaining certainty is essential, traditions with single narrators are not relied upon.
In such an instance, only a firm rational argument or a tradition that is consecutively narrated (mutawatir) and certain to have originated from an infallible can be relied upon.
Furthermore, traditions that are mutawatir and have even passed the limits of tawatur (consecutive narration) indicate that the number of the Imams is twelve. In such a situation, if a single non-certain tradition is found in opposition to all these traditions, what creditability can it have, and how can a researcher rely on it? In addition, in the Musnad of Ahmad alone, it has been narrated through thirty-odd chains of narrators from the Noble Prophet (peace be upon him and his family) that the number of Imams (peace be upon them) is twelve, and in the Sahih of Muslim this point has been narrated through eight chains, and likewise in the remaining collections, Sahihs, Sunans (books of the sunnah), and books of the Ahl al-Sunnat, this topic has been referred to numerous times.
In Shi‘a books as well traditions have been narrated with hundreds of chains that the Imams will be twelve, all of which were narrated by well-known companions and followers (tabi`in) up to two centuries before the birth of the twelfth Imam Mahdi (may Allah hasten his return) (peace be upon him), and in reality this is counted as a type of
Mahdi (PBUH),Ten Revolutions in One Revolution
• The humane characteristics of the community Mahdi (PBUH) will establish
• Revolution in women rights, intellectual improvement, and scientific rights
• Economic revolution
• Revolution in the human relations
• Revolution against discrimination
• Social revolution
• Security revolution
• Civil revolution
• Revolution against ignorance
• Cultural revolution
• The characteristics of the companions of Mahdi (PBUH)
• The content of the treaty between Mahdi's (PBUH) and his companions
The report card of all the schools of thought through out the history reveals many weak points. The majority of them concentrated on one aspect, but ignored other important aspects of humanity. All these ideologies were "self-centered", meaning that they considered themselves as the central ideology and others (rest of mankind) as the surrounds, and most important of all, they had great claims; however, they made a poor performa
PLACE OF MAHDI'S EMERGENCE
The author 'Eqdud -Durar' (chapter two) narrates from Jabir-ibn-Yazid Tuafi a lengthy tradition from Imam Muhammad Baqir where after mentioning the signs of Mahdi's emergence and the sinking of Sufyani's army he said: Sufyani will dispatch troops to Medina as a result of which Mahdi will flee towards Mecca.
News of Mahdi's flight will reach Sufyani's commanders who will send an army in pursuit of - Mahdi but they will fail to find him until Hazrat will enter Mecca in a state of fear and will await as per the 'Sunnah' of Musa-ibn-Imran.....
The author of 'Esaaf-ur-Raghebeen' (on page 150) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.) said: 'Discord will arise at the time of a Caliphs death. A man will flee from Medina to Mecca. Some of the inhabitants of Mecca will approach him and Will send him out for allegiance (while not being satisfied) and will swear allegiance to him between Rukn and Maqaam. An army would be dispatched in their direction from Syria which would sink in the ground of 'Baidah' which is between Mecca and Medina.
The author of 'Yanabi-ul-Muwadda' Con page 431) has narrated from the author of 'Jawahar al-Aqdain' who has narrated from Ibn-Dawoud who has narrated from Imam Ahmad and Hafiz Baihaqi the afore-mentioned Tradition.
The author of Yanabi-ul-Muwadda (on page 448) narrates from the author of Fara'ed-us-Semtain who narrates from Hassan-ibn-Khalid a tradition from Ali-ibn- Moosa Ridha (A.S.) about Mahdi's occultation and the fact that he is the fourth from his progeny until he says: Mahdi is the same one with regards to whom a caller will call out from the heavens and all the inhabitants of earth will hear the call as such:
Be aware that Allah's representative has emerged in the House of Allah. Follow him as truth is with him.
INCIDENTS WHICH WILL OCCUR IN THE NEAR FUTURE
How often thi
s thought passes through some mind and rather how often it is pronounced though some tongue that if fear from enemies is the cause of Mahdi's occultation then how would this fear be obviated considering that day by day various powers and arms are on the rise! ?
How would it be possible for Mahdi to face these powers and aims which have filled the land and sea and would tighten the sphere on the day of his emergence without Mahdi having any access to any of those weapons because of lack of adequate supporters and ample means!?
In reply we say: It's possible that the incidents which are about to take place in this world and the probable events may actually occur which could be amongst the strongest means of Mahdi's emergence and a medium for doing away with his occultation until he really emerges.
In number he may become like one of the ruling powers and thereafter he would strive in strengthening and increasing his powers and weapons.
Firstly, amongst the events which is not improbable is this that the moral and spiritual reforms perfection of training and literary and material sciences in some classes of people and rather in all of them will prevail over a special class. Thus when Mahdi emerges and proclaims his plans and announces the Islamic teachings for which he would rise and that particular class witnesses his truthfulness, trustworthiness and resoluteness they would become submissive towards Hazrat. They will assist him in Jihad and become obedient to him and will give him the reins of the government. A large number of people would obey him and become submissive to him such that one cannot treat them with contempt. The same had occurred for his great grand-father, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) since a large number of people had brought faith in him due to his virtuous aim and objective just as the incident of 'Najashi' (Negus) bears witness to this fact.
Secondly: Before Mahdi's emergence, multitude of people will gather together and call the others towards Mahdi. They will take pledge (from them) for the victory of the day of his emergence. It is likely that the emergence of preachers in common gatherings and the distribution of those things for which Mahdi will uprise namely exercising of worldly, spiritual, social and individual reforms are amongst the strongest means for, the preparation of multitud
In Jane`s holy book is written that: “ at the time that the world will be full of corruption, discadence and ruination, a complete person that is called “ tirtenger” that means avengeler, will appear & eliminates the ruination & appoints the purity & clearance again.
#Jane`s #book #imam_mahdi #twelfth_imam
(The Story of Slave trader (Bushr –ibn- Sollomon Nakas)
There are some connections between Imam Mahdi (PbuH) and Christ, in several aspects. One of these connections is his honorable mother.
It is cited from Prophet Mohammad (PbuH) that:
“Mahdi is one of my descendants. His face shines like bright moon. His color is Arabic and his stature is Israeli.”
It is implied in this quotation that Mahdi inherits from his mother the stature traits of Israelis.
Shiite records emphasize that the mother of Imam Mahdi is lady “Melika” who hided her true name and were called and renowned by the name of “Narjes”. She is from one of royal families of Byzantine empire.
In this part we recite what Mr. Saeed Ayub has written is his valuable book, “The Idea of Anti-Christ” which is relevant to the subject:
_“The party which faces Anti-Christ, his followers and heretic me
n of church, is Islam. The leader of this party is the promised Mahdi.
Prophet Mohammad (PbuH) said: “Mahdi is my namesake.”_
Does the bearer of this name conforms whit the name which is mentioned in Gospel whit....
Imam Mahdi (a.s.) and the longevity – Part 1
The 12th Imam and longevity
This much longevity isn’t usual among of world’s people. These days longevity is a common subject ( a solved problem) because these latest years and decades we face people’s name who are 150-250 years old in magazines and newspapers.
In our point of view the 12th Imam longevity isn’t a problem; it’s just a surprising subject.
The 12th Imam was born in Shaban 15th (256 h.g) which is confirmed by all the Shia scientists and most Sunni scientists. This article checks this subject from Shia’s books by considering verses and traditions from Prophet Mohammad and also it’s considering this subject in aspect of science and wisdom.
According to traditions the advent of the 12th Imam will be in end of the world who develops justice in all over the world. He is the child of Imam Hasan Askari ( the 11th Imam ) and was born in Shaban 15th ( 256 H.G). This fact confirmed by all Shia and most Sunni scientists. The fact of this discussion is that God’s reserve has longevity till now. He has a longevity more than 1150 years.
Yes; in our point of view the 12th Imam longevity isn’t a problem; it’s just a surprising matter but Shia opponents see this surprising matter as a problem and exaggerate that till using his longevity as a reason for denying him. We’re responsible to define public opinions to avoid the opponents’ ideas.
The history of longevity
It’s a few more than 10 centuries went past after the first time of the 12th Imam longevity that call as a problem. From that day Imamates’ opponents always exacerbate the 12th Imam longevity.
Divide the Shia books
The Shia scientists’ writing and works particularly can divide into two groups:
The first groups are the works which wrote before 370 H.G.
The second groups are the works which wrote after the mention date.
In first groups there aren’t any impression of the 12th Imam life time was usual ( natural) till this time because there wasn’t any question in that time public opinion.
The Basar Aldarajat by Mohammad Ebn Hasan Safar Ghomi ( death 290 H.G ); Kafi by Sheikh Koleini Razy ( death 329 H.G); Shahro Al Akhbar Fi Fazael Aeme Athar by Ghazi Noman Ebn Mohammad Tamimi Maghrebi ( death 363 H.G) and Alghaybe book by Mohammad E bn Ebrahim Noamani ( known by Ebn Abi Zeinab ) who is (was) Sheikh Koleini’s best student. These are the writing of this period.
However the last scientist’s death isn’t determined but is understandable that because he didn’t mention anything about the 12th Imam Longevity problem so there wasn’t any question from this aspect in Islamic society’s public opinion; And probably because of this he didn’t mention anything. We can guess his death probably was before 375 H.G. because the longevity problem mentioned in the end of 4th century H.G and scientists object it in this period.
According to hadiths, after the return of Imam Mahdi (aj), Prophet Isa (pbuh) will descend onto the earth by the will of Allah (swt), and will pray behind the imam (aj) as one of his companions in everyone’s presence.
The prophet of Islam (pbuh) has been narrated saying: “By the one who sent me as the true giver of glad tidings, if even only one day remains for the life of this world, Allah (swt) will make that day so long so that my son, [Imam] Mahdi will emerge; Isa, “the spirit of God” will reveal and pray behind him, the world then will shine with the light of its Lord, and the government of [Imam] Mahdi will stretch from the East to the West.”
Since many are followers of Prophet Isa (pbuh) and believe him to be the savior and peacemaker of the world, when they witness such a scene, they will become followers of Imam Mahdi (aj) and believe in him. This matter can be considered one of the things that will factor into his victory and universal rise.
For further information, see:
1- The signs of after Imam Mahdi’s (aj) rise, Question 3006 (website: 3578).
 Muqaddas Shafe’i, Aqdul-Durar, pg. 292.
 Sheikh Saduq, Kamalul-Din, pg. 163, quoted by: Abdul-Rahman Ansari, Dar Entezare Khorshid.
 With help from Question 3006 (website: 3578).